Study into why LGBT+ people leave their Churches

Study finds that queer Christians quit the church twice as much as others

A study in the Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion strongly associated queer identity with a decision to attend church less frequently or stop going altogether.

LGBT CELEBRATION at Foundry United Methodist Church in Washington DC on in June 2013. Photo by Elvert Barnes Photography/Flickr, Creative CommonsLGBT CELEBRATION at Foundry United Methodist Church in Washington DC on in June 2013. Photo by Elvert Barnes Photography/Flickr, Creative CommonsNovember 6, 2020By Kathryn PostShareTweetShare

Produced in collaboration with the Association of Religion Data Archives

(RNS) — Taylor Valci was 7 the first time she spoke in tongues. The daughter of a Pentecostal pastor in California’s Bay Area, she grew up watching “Veggie Tales” and attending Missionettes, the Assemblies of God version of Girl Scouts.

“For me, personally, God was absolutely the most important thing in the world,” Valci told Religion News Service. 

But by the time she was attending Gordon College in Massachusetts in the fall of 2016, Valci, now 22, no longer considered herself a Christian, at least in part because she was starting to realize she was queer.

Her experience is not uncommon in the Christian church. Earlier this year, the Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion published a report that said same-sex attraction, behavior and queer identity is strongly associated with a decision to step away from organized religion, attend church less frequently or stop going altogether.

Philip Schwadel, left, and Brandi Woodell. Images courtesy of University of Nebraska Dept. of Sociology; and, respectively.

The authors of the study, Brandi Woodell, a sociology professor at Old Dominion University, and Philip Schwadel, a sociology professor from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, found that those who report same-sex attraction were almost twice as likely to disaffiliate from their religion.

The study, which observed changes in queer people’s religious attendance, religious identity and prayer practices over time, included only lesbian, gay and bisexual-emerging adults ages 11 to 34 — not enough data was available on other sexual minorities to include them in the analysis. The overwhelming majority of those in the study’s sample were Christian.

The Rev. Emmy Kegler, a minister in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, said the findings matched her experience. Though the study didn’t give reasons for the phenomenon, Kegler suggested it was the church’s attitudes toward sexual minorities. “There’s still a significant understanding in Christian culture overall that being a member of the LGBTQ+ community is incompatible with the Christian faith,” she said.

That bias can work to alienate LGB individuals, even if they have come to terms with their sexuality. “Even for people like me, who are out loud and proud,” said Jamie Manson, president for Catholics for Choice, “there’s always going to be that element of shame, of not being legitimate, of your love not being worthy to be blessed by God in the church of your childhood.”

Taylor Valci. Courtesy of Taylor Valci

The decision to leave one’s faith often begins not with feeling rejection from others, but with questioning Christians’ values. While in high school, Valci learned that her denomination had once excluded Black and brown people.

“I started to break (my faith) down,” said Valci. “Why is the Bible all written by men? Why is it all one-sided? What do we do with the genocide and the poor treatment of women?”

But when Valci got to college, she developed a crush on a woman and soon joined the campus’s underground queer scene.

She ended up coming out as both queer and non-Christian during her first year of college. “I was coming to a place in my own life with my sexuality where I just wanted to stop living in shame. To stop lying and living in fear. I wanted to be transparent about what I believed and who I was,” she said.  

Kurtis Zolman’s departure was more directly a result of discovering his queer identity.

Zolman, 26, grew up attending a Nazarene Church in rural Michigan that had rules he compared to those in the movie “Footloose” — no dancing, no drinking. When he was in ninth grade, he told his parents that he is gay. They sent him to a “straight camp” where, Zolman said, he was told he’d go to hell if he didn’t conform.

Zolman remained a Christian, however, until after high school graduation, when he came out publicly. Soon after, his youth pastor told him he could no longer be on the church praise team or attend youth group, and asked Zolman to sit in the back during church because he was “actively living in sin.”

“That was 10 years ago,” said Zolman, “and I’ve been to a church maybe four times since then.”

Yet if LGB people drop out of church, they don’t always lose their spirituality altogether.

Courtesy of Desarae Bloom

“I am always talking to God,” said one Christian who played piano at services for his Fundamentalist Baptist congregation in the Bahamas as a teenager. A decade later, the man, who asked to remain anonymous, said, “I have a closer relationship with God than I could ever have because I’m being honest with myself.”

Zolman said he also finds himself praying “about once every other week.”

“I think a common motif with gay people brought up in the church is that we don’t hate Jesus, but we hate the institution the church has become,” he said.

That can be true for some who stay as well. Kegler, who is a pastor at Grace Lutheran Church in northeast Minneapolis and founder and editor of the Queer Grace Encyclopedia, said that “probably once a week, I consider disaffiliating from Christianity. Not because I lack faith in Jesus or conviction about the importance of Christian practice in my life, but simply because the church remains toxic for its LGBTQ+ members and others.” 

She’s remained in the church, she said, because she is compelled by the story of Jesus and is convinced that Christians can tell the story better, “without toxic theology.”

Ahead of the Trend is a collaborative effort between Religion News Service and the Association of Religion Data Archives made possible through the support of the John Templeton Foundation. See other Ahead of the Trend articles here.


I’m not suprised that LGBT+ people who have been raised in Churches that condemn their innate sexuality/gender identity should question what they are doing in such an envrionment.

When one is old enough to understand one’s personal sex/gender identity is different from that of the binary expectation of conservative faith communities; the psychological trauma of trying to match up to the expectations of such communities can lead to traumatic spiritual experiences that make one question one’s validity as a ‘Christian’ – to the point where, in some cases, one may feel one can no longer live with the seemingly obvious paradox.

Until the Church is ready to understand the phenomenon of LGBT+ inclusion within the ‘normal’ parameters of gender/sexual identity; those who live with the reality of their own place within this zone will either have to try to subdue their innate psycho-sexual identity, or admit that they can no longer live with the restrictive demands of the faith community.

Compounding this issue is the fact that, in some Christian communities, there is still an understanding that being gay or lesbian is the result of ‘self-determination’ on the part of the individual. Either that or, in the more primitive communities, it is thought that homsoexuality is the result of ‘demonic possession’, needing exorcism. Others believe that psychological counselling (Conversion Therapy) can achieve the ‘miracle’ of converting homosexual tendencies into a more acceptable heterosexual identity. Such attempts to thwart the natural sex/gender identity of a person can only cause pain and disappointment. Those who say their sexual-orientation has been permanently changed by such a process are few and far between and may actually indicate that the person is not exclusively ‘gay’ or ‘lesbian’ but rather, bi-sexual; which means they can adapt to either ‘gay’ or straight’ sexual relationships.

For those whose sex/gender identity is not bi-sexual; any attempt to be conformed to a sexual identity different from that with which the person knows to be their own identity, can be very damaging, to say the least, and can, in some cases, be extremely dangerous, causing suicidal thoughts, because the attempted ‘conversion’ simply did not happen. The record of young people being forced to undergo Conversion Therapy which has not worked, and whose lives from that point on have become extremely disordered, bears witness to the fact that such therapy – even with the best of intentions – is no longer admissable and should be banned.

What needs to be understood, is that being instinctively LGBT+ in a majority heterosexual community is not a personal choice but, rather, an innate experience of ‘being different’ from the accepted ‘norm’. In fact, most LGBT+ people enter into their first experience of ‘being different’ with a feeling of discomfort – of simply becoming aware that they do not fit in with the normal expectation, for instance, of their parents and peers. This sense of isolation, where no-one seems to want to understand their difference, often results in a felt need to hide their innate gender or sexual difference, believing it to be ‘deviant’ or in some way unacceptable. This feeling, when accompanied by the disapproval of their Church’s teaching that labels such feelings as ‘un-Christian’ or unacceptable in the Christian community, can cause the person to feel they are not welcome to continue to worship in such a setting. They may move to another, more accepting community or, if their faith is not strong enough, being oriented on Christ rather than the rules set up around Him; they may leave the Church altogether.

Father Ron Smith, Christchurch, New Zealand.

About kiwianglo

Retired Anglican priest, living in Christchurch, New Zealand. Ardent supporter of LGBT Community, and blogger on 'Thinking Anglicans UK' site. Theology: liberal, Anglo-Catholic & traditional. regarding each person as a unique expression of Christ, and therefore lovable.
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