President Jennings gave these remarks to the opening session of Executive Council on February 21:
Good morning. I’m glad to be here with all of you in Oklahoma City, and grateful to you, Bishop Ed, for your hospitality. I look forward to our time together.
I don’t know about you, but for me, 2019 has already been quite a year. I was fortunate enough to begin it by spending two weeks as a visiting professor at Church Divinity School of the Pacific, where I had the opportunity to meet both residential and low-residence students training for ministry. If my time with them is any indication, our next generation of leaders is bright, innovative, and ready to explore new ways to be the Episcopal Church in the 21st century. I got to give a talk on church governance—which as you know is my favorite thing to talk about—I got to meet with students from across the church discerning their vocations, and I got to go back to theology class. An 8 a.m. theology class, no less.
And then I went on vacation. While I was on vacation, I did the thing that I always told people to do when I worked at CREDO. I unplugged. I didn’t look at social media, or at news reports, or at email. So, on Sunday evening, when I turned on the internet spigot, there was a flood. You know how that works, right?
And in that flood was one particular piece of news that I want to talk with you about today. That was the news that Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby is inviting some, but not all, spouses of bishops to the Lambeth Conference planned for 2020. The spouses he is not inviting are the ones who are the same sex as the bishops to whom they are married. We found this out when Archbishop Josiah Idowu-Fearon wrote a blog post about it. The theme of this Lambeth Conference, by the way, is “God’s Church for God’s World: walking, listening and witnessing together.”
Now, because this is not my first Anglican rodeo, I would like to point out a few things. The first is a misconception about the Anglican Communion’s governance that Archbishop Idowu-Fearon promulgated in his blog post. He said that the Anglican Communion’s position on marriage is defined by a resolution of the 1998 Lambeth Conference. But that is not how the Anglican Communion works. The Anglican Communion has four “Instruments of Communion:” the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lambeth Conference, the Primates’ Meeting, and the Anglican Consultative Council.
The ACC, as it is known, met for the first time in 1971. It is the only one of the Instruments of Communion that includes laypeople and clergy, and it is the only Instrument of Communion that is a registered charity under British law. As such, it is the corporate entity of the Anglican Communion.
The Lambeth Conference does not get to set policy for the Anglican Communion, and the Primates’ Meeting does not get to set policy for the Anglican Communion, and the Archbishop of Canterbury does not get to set policy for the Anglican Communion. That’s the job of the Anglican Consultative Council.
So, the situation in which we find ourselves is peculiar. The Archbishop of Canterbury is citing a resolution that does not set policy for the Anglican Communion as a reason to exclude same-sex spouses from Lambeth. That same resolution defines marriage as a “lifelong union.” However, the opposite-sex spouses of bishops who have been divorced and remarried have been invited to Lambeth. We are left to conclude that excluding same-sex spouses is a selective decision—perhaps even an arbitrary one.
Now, thanks to the intrepid reporting of Mary Frances Schjonberg of Episcopal News Service, we know that precisely two spouses are currently excluded from Lambeth. One is the wife of Bishop Mary Glasspool of the Diocese of New York, and the other is the husband of Bishop Kevin Robertson of the Diocese of Toronto in the Anglican Church of Canada. A third, the husband of Bishop-elect Thomas Brown of Maine—also known, for a few more months, as Deputy Brown—will be excluded assuming that the consent process to that election is successful.
In short, the universe of people directly affected by this situation is small. Very small. The Archbishop of Canterbury had already written to Bishop Glasspool and her wife and spoken directly to Bishop Robertson. And yet, Archbishop Idowu-Fearon wrote a blog post about it titled “The global excitement about the Lambeth Conference.” We are left to ponder why it was important for the Anglican Communion Office to make this situation very, very public nearly 18 months in advance.
One other thing: When Bishop Robertson and his husband were married late last year, after nine years together, we learned from media reports that they are the parents of two little children. I cannot overlook the fact that the Anglican Communion Office has created a public situation in which two children are learning that the hierarchy of the church considers their family to be a source of shame and worthy of exclusion. That makes me very angry. When little children are collateral damage, that is not the way of love.
If your internet spigot is similar to mine, and I imagine that it is, you’ve seen that there are a variety of opinions about what bishops and their spouses should do in response to this news. I leave that to the discernment of the bishops and their spouses. But there is the larger issue of how the rest of the Episcopal Church responds.
On Facebook, Deputy Winnie Varghese wrote, “I told an archbishop once that recent Lambeth conferences have done irreparable harm to the witness of The Episcopal Church to the most vulnerable in our society, poor, LGBTQI people of color, because if we show on the international stage that we won’t love our own people and our own leaders and their families, how could we possibly love them/us. … If you can’t invite everyone on equal terms, cancel. You’re not ready.”
I commend her entire post to you, and I agree with it. If we are not yet able to hold a global meeting of Anglican bishops and spouses to which everyone is invited, then I think we should not be holding global meetings of Anglican bishops and spouses.
But that is not at all the same thing as saying that we should not be in relationship with the rest of the Anglican Communion. Let me say that again: that is not at all the same thing as saying that we should not be in relationship with the rest of the Anglican Communion. I have traveled widely across the Communion in the last decade, and I can assure you that, despite what you may have heard, the Episcopal Church is not an outcast because we have voted for full inclusion of LGBTQ people in the life of the church.
In fact, across the Communion, particularly in Anglican Africa, there is a growing network of scholars, activists, and other church leaders who are committed to deeply theological conversations about religion and sexuality that are grounded in more generous interpretations of the Bible. As a founding member of the Chicago Consultation, I have been privileged to be a part of some of these conversations.
At one such conversation in Ghana in 2015, we issued a statement that gets at the real danger of exclusion. Here’s part of what we said:
“As members of Anglican churches and those of other denominations in Africa, and as Episcopalians from the United States, we call upon our faith communities to make either public commitment or private arrangement to serve as places of sanctuary for those who live under the threat of violence for working on behalf of the gospel. We understand this group to include LGBTI people, women and men living with HIV, ethnic, racial and religious minorities on both continents and those who are potential victims of gender violence.
“We call upon Episcopalians on all levels of the church to commit themselves to fulfilling Resolution A051 of the  General Convention, which calls upon the church to use resources developed by African Anglican leaders and organizations working to curb anti-gay and anti-transgender violence, discrimination, and marginalization; to build relationships with and learn from African Anglican scholars who are already offering biblical interpretations that affirm the dignity and humanity of LGBTI people; and ‘to pray for the safety of our LGBTI sisters and brothers, their families and communities, and for the scholars and activists who tirelessly work on their behalf.’
“And because we understand that the church must not only act as Good Samaritans to those who are robbed and beaten but also work at the systemic level to make safe the road from Jericho to Jerusalem that is walked by everyone who strives for just and fair societies and full inclusion in the Body of Christ, we pledge to work collaboratively in opposing the legacy of colonialism and its present day manifestations, to stand against all principalities and powers… and to understand that these evils are rooted in ideologies of power and domination that have no place in the church or in our societies.”
Walking together along the road from Jericho to Jerusalem is at the heart of my experience of the Anglican Communion. I think the same is true for many of you who experience the Communion not as a series of dictates from archbishops or an office in London, but as life-giving, life-saving, mutual relationships rooted in dioceses, congregations and networks across the world. That is the Anglican Communion that deserves our energy and attention, our commitment, and our resources.
I hope that there is still time to resolve this situation and ensure that all bishops’ spouses will be invited to the Lambeth Conference. But if that is not possible, I think that the day is coming when we will need to take a hard look at where and how we invest the resources of The Episcopal Church across the Anglican Communion. There is so much good work happening, so many places where God has called us to walk together in mutual respect, love, and gospel truth. We have so many ways to invest ourselves in global mission that neither excludes nor shames, but rather witnesses to the love of Christ that binds us all together.
Let us be guided by that vision both now and in the years to come.
Facebook today revealed the fact of this very recent development in TEC, where its House of Deputies President addressed the TEC Executive Council on the disturbing news from from the U.K., that the Archbishop of Canterbury had contacted all Same-sex partnered bishops in the Communion – including those of TEC – to the effect that, though they (the bishops) themselves were invited to the Lambeth 2020 Conference, their S/S spouse were not.
This was happening despite the fact that divorced and re-married bishops were invited to Lambeth 2020 – TOGETHER WITH their re-marriage partners! If there seems to be a little theological inconsistency in that situation, then it surely is a conundrum with which the very few people involved amongst the S/S-partnered bishops are bound to become concerned.
Another very valid point made by the President of the House of Deputies concerns the FACT that the Anglican Communion is a fellowship of independent provincial Churches which have separate constitutional canons and formularies which have been forged in the context and situation of their own peculiar social and spiritual contexts based, primarily, on what is knows as the Lambeth Quadrilateral.
Recent history, however, has shown that in the wake of certain changes in the extant tradition of ‘Anglicanism’ – where TEC (and, to a degree, our own Church in Aotearoa/New Zealand/Polynesia and the Anglican Church in Canada) has/have pioneered the cause of Women’s Ordination; Lay Representation in Synods; and Same-Sex Blessings – the more conservative Church in parts of Africa and Asia has resiled from this new outreach and formed its own conservative quasi-Anglican community of the GAFCON provinces which has raised up its own (rival) church plants in the territory of the ACC-affiliated Anglican Provincial Churches.
This latest decision by Canterbury – to exclude the spouses of Same-Sex-partnered bishops from the next Lambeth Conference – would seem to be the ABC’s attempt to appease the demand of the GAFCON Primates that no LGBTI bishops be invited to Lambeth 2020. One might ask then, in the light of the ABC’s decision to invite S/S-partnered bishops but not their spouses; how exactly is he expecting to appease the wrath of the conservatives in the GAFCON community? In ‘having a foot in both camps’ – as it were – is the ABC going to succeed in achieving the spirit of Anglican reconciliation that he hopes to? We have to wait and see……..
Father Ron Smith, Christchurch, New Zealand