Some 300,000 people are expected to witness Saturday’s beatification of Archbishop Oscar Romero, whose elevation to the altars has been pushed by Pope Francis.
Ceremonies were due to start on Friday evening with a torchlight procession through the streets of San Salvador, the capital of El Salvador, and a Mass celebrated by the Honduran Cardinal Oscar Rodríguez Maradiaga, chairman of the Pope’s “C9” Council of Cardinals. This was to be followed by a vigil until 5.00 a.m. on Saturday.
The beatification itself will take place during a Mass in Salvador del Mundo (Saviour of the World) Square starting at 10 a.m. local time (16.00 hours GMT), at which the Pope’s representative, Cardinal Angelo Amato, prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, will read the official decree. You can watch the beatification livehere.
Romero, the late Archbishop of San Salvador, was a fearless defender of the poor. He was assassinated by a right-wing death squad while celebrating Mass in 1980 as his country began to descend into civil war.
At a press conference in San Salvador on Monday, church spokesman Mgr Rafael Urrutia said that among the 300,000 people expected to attend were seven cardinals, 90 bishops – including all the Salvadoran hierarchy – and more than 1,000 priests. Also expected are seven heads of state, including the Presidents of Ecuador and Panama. The bishops of England and Wales will be represented by John Rawsthorne, emeritus bishop of Hallam.
From San Salvador, Julian Filochowski, director of the Romero Trust, told The Tablet: “There is a great sense of excitement at what will be an unprecedented event in Salvadoran history, but worry too that the organisation in San Salvador may struggle to cope with a huge influx of pilgrims from the countryside and neighbouring countries.”
Mr Filochowski also referred to concern that local presentations of Romero by the Church and local media “portray a tepid, bland and watered-down version of Romero rather than the martyr for justice”. A particular target for criticism has been the slogan that appears on the official publicity for the beatification, “Romero, martyr for love”. However another official poster adds: “For the poor, for justice, for his people, for the Church, for Jesus Christ”.
But the current archbishop of San Salvador, Archbishop José Luis Escobar, insisted that the beatification “marks a path, establishes a route for living the faith. So when Archbishop Romero is beatified, he is beatified with his doctrine, with his teaching and he becomes a light, a torch to guide the path of the Church… It is important, not only because he is El Salvador’s first Blessed, but also because of Archbishop Romero’s greatness and his example, not just to follow his teaching theoretically but to put it into practice.”
Among initiatives being organised to commemorate the beatification are Romero “wallpaper” for computers and smart phones and a play, Romero – Path of Justice, which is to be performed in a local theatre and in the chapel of the Divine Providence Hospital, where Romero was murdered.
Relatives and people who knew Romero in his hometown of Ciudad Barrios and in his later posting to the eastern town of San Miguel have been interviewed in local media. Former shoeshine boys in San Miguel, who were beaten by their keepers and forced to sleep in the park, have told how Romero formed them into an association, with official identification, which helped to end the beatings. He later built a hostel and a school for them.
Watch the beatification live here.
There can be little doubt that the Beatification of San Salvadorian Archbishop Oscar Romero, who was killed at the altar by a death squad, while celebrating Mass in 1980, when his country was on the verge of civil war, proved popular with most Salvadorians.
His willingness to die in the cause of justice for the poor and marginalised was evident from one of his final utterances, two weeks before he died:
” In an interview two weeks before his assassination, he said, “I have frequently been threatened with death … Martyrdom is a great gift from God that I do not believe I have earned. But if God accepts the sacrifice of my life then may my blood be the seed of liberty and a sign of the hope that will soon become a reality … A bishop will die, but the Church of God – the people – will never die.”
Such a dedication to the cause of justice is surely one of the great parameters of sainthood in the Church Universal, and as such, is recognised by Christians around the world as being worthy of universal recognition. The political overtones of Archbishop Romero’s ministry among the people of his country have too long militated against his recognition, today, as one of the Church’s true martyrs up until this point in time.
However, with a former South American prelate, Cardinal Bergoglio of Argentina, as the present Roman Catholic Pontiff, Pope Francis, it seems right and good that he should be the Pope that authorises the Beatification of this outstanding Catholic Archbishop among the ranks of Martyrs of the Church.
Father Ron Smith, Christchurch, New Zealand