US Catholic View of Pope Francis’ Encyclical

The Heart of Francis’s Mission: Embracing the Call to Challenge

E. J. Dionne Jr. December 2, 2013 – Commonweal Magazine

Christianity has often been used over the centuries to prop up the powerful. But from the beginning, the Christian message has been subversive of political systems, judgmental toward those at the top, and demanding of all who take it seriously.

Pope Francis has surprised the world because he embraces the Christian calling to destabilize and to challenge. As the first leader of the Catholic Church from the Southern Hemisphere, he is especially mindful of the ways in which unregulated capitalism has failed the poor and left them “waiting.”

His apostolic exhortation, “The Joy of the Gospel,” is drawing wide and deserved attention for its denunciation of “trickle-down” economics as a system that “expresses a crude and naive trust in the goodness of those wielding economic power.” It’s a view that “has never been confirmed by the facts” and has created “a globalization of indifference.” Will conservatives among American Catholics who have long championed tax cutting for the wealthy acknowledge the moral conundrum that Francis has put before them?

But American liberals and conservatives alike might be discomfited by the pope’s criticism of “the individualism of our post-modern and globalised era,” since each side defends its own favourite forms of individualism. Francis mourns “a vacuum left by secularist rationalism,” not a phrase that will sit well with all on the left.

And in light of the obsessive shopping on Cyber Monday and Black Friday, here is a pope who paints consumerism in the darkest of hues. “We are thrilled if the market offers us something new to purchase,” he writes. “In the meantime all those lives stunted for lack of opportunity seem a mere spectacle; they fail to move us.”

Yet this critic of our age refuses to be gloomy, scolding “querulous and disillusioned pessimists” whom he labels “sourpusses.” I like a pope who takes a stand against sourpusses.

Francis makes many liberals swoon without, in a conventional sense, being a liberal. He has also split American conservatives between those trying to hold fast to him and those who know that he is, from their perspective, up to something dangerous.

All sides realize where the energy of Francis’ pontificate lies. He’s not the first pope to denounce our unjust economic system. Pope John Paul II regularly decried “imperialistic monopoly” and “luxurious egoism.” Pope Benedict XVI condemned “corruption and illegality” in “the conduct of the economic and political class in rich countries” while speaking approvingly of “the redistribution of wealth.”

The difference is that a concern for the poor and a condemnation of economic injustice are at the very heart of Francis’ mission. “In this system, which tends to devour everything which stands in the way of increased profits,” he writes, “whatever is fragile, like the environment, is defenceless before the interests of a deified market, which become the only rule.” Can you imagine an American liberal who would dare say such things?

Conservative American Catholics have been quick to point out that toward the end of “The Joy of the Gospel,” Francis strongly affirms the church’s opposition to abortion. This is, indeed, one of the ways in which he is not a conventional liberal. He speaks of “unborn children” as “the most defenceless and innocent among us.” He insists that the church’s position is not “ideological, obscurantist and conservative,” but rather is “linked to the defence of each and every other human right.”

Yet almost immediately, he adds that “it is also true that we have done little to adequately accompany women in very difficult situations,” and quickly moves back to his broader stand on behalf of “other weak and defenceless beings who are frequently at the mercy of economic interests or indiscriminate exploitation.”

It’s quite true that liberals who love Francis need to come to terms with aspects of his thought that may be less congenial to their assumptions. But the high priority he has placed on battling economic exploitation, his warnings against those who “remain intransigently faithful to a particular Catholic style from the past,” and his unhappiness with the rise of ultra-orthodoxy — he upbraids “dour judges bent on rooting out every threat and deviation” — test conservatives even more.

In light of a recent past in which conservatism was gaining the upper hand in the American Catholic church, progressives have reason to be elated. Conservative Catholics know this. That’s why they are torn between expressing loyalty to a pope who has captured the popular imagination and fretting over whether he is transforming the church with a speed that few thought was possible.


The final paragraph of this viewpoint of E. J. Dionne Jr.  in the December 2, 2013  issue of the US Roman Catholic ‘Commonweal Magazine’, indicates a new outlook for the papacy that is having an unsettling effect on some of the more conservative Roman Catholics in the U.S.A.

While still advocating a strong anti-abortion stance, Pope Francis’ new openness to the easing of pastoral restrictions against divorcees and homosexuals who are members of the Church is causing heartburn to those who are keen to maintain the traditional taboos against such ‘sinners’ receiving the sacraments of the Church.

In his rejection of the ‘trickle-down’ theory, where the poor are supposed to benefit from capitalist ideas of the re-distribution of accumulated wealth – with the benefits remaining largely in the hands of the fiscal entrepreneurs – Pope Francis is entering into what the financiers might consider to be their own specialist territory. However, the Pope is merely inviting comparisons with the ethos of the Christian Gospel – in the manner of a latter-day Saint Francis of Assisi, whose name he took upon accepting the papacy.

There can now be little doubt that Pope Francis is being led by the Holy Spirit into a time of reformation of the Roman Catholic Church – into an ethos more in keeping with his illustrious predecessor, Pope John XXII, whose calling of the Second Vatican Council in 1960 became an occasion for new hope for both Catholics and the whole of Christendom. That hope was partly thwarted by the subsequent stifling of its reformative vision by the successive control tactics of the Vatican and is bureaucratic government.

Even the most recent occupier of the Chair of Peter, Pope Benedict XVI (still resident at the Vatican), who was one of the foremost advocates of reform – together with Hans Kung – at Vatican 2, proved, during his time as advisor on doctrine to intervening Popes, and upon his accession as Pope, to be in favour of reneging on the reformatory proposals of Vatican 2, in order to shore up the more conservative ethos of the Vatican Cardinals.

Jesus was a charismatic revolutionary in his day; as was Saint Francis of Assisi. Could this new Francis, on the throne of Peter (though reluctant to claim the attendant liturgical refinements attached to the post) prove to be the sort of Leader that the Body of Christ needs at this time? The question might be – despite his official pontifical supremacy – will the officials of his own Church in the Vatican Curia allow him to be?

(Thanks to my friend Bert, at SMAA, Christchurch, for this link)

Father Ron Smith, Christchurch, New Zealand


About kiwianglo

Retired Anglican priest, living in Christchurch, New Zealand. Ardent supporter of LGBT Community, and blogger on 'Thinking Anglicans UK' site. Theology: liberal, Anglo-Catholic & traditional. regarding each person as a unique expression of Christ, and therefore lovable.
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