LUCKA COLUMN: The Episcopal Church remains vibrant amidst controversy
- BY MELINDA LUCKA
Special to The Post and Courier
- Posted: Sunday, July 29, 2012 12:01 a.m.
In commentaries that I have read post-General Convention, some have expressed opposition to a few of the many actions; others have voiced support. Historically, the Episcopal Church has faced difficult social and theological issues, such as slavery, race relations and the ordination of women, and it has now addressed issues relating to gender and sexual orientation. The church, then and now, has responded in a kind and loving way.
Some say that the actions of this Convention were not strong enough; others argue that the actions were unbiblical. I find myself unable to ignore that historical Scripture arguably was based upon underlying customs and laws at that time. Watching the actions of the Episcopal Church was seeing a church that operates biblically, through history and tradition, with reason applied.
The Rt. Rev. Mark J. Lawrence, bishop of the Diocese of South Carolina, left the Convention, having objected to some of its actions, most notably the resolution to bless same-sex relationships. Resolution A049 is not mandatory, and it does not authorize same-sex marriages. It leaves the decision for the blessings to individual bishops within the church.
There are some who feel that the Episcopal Church has “left” the traditional church doctrines and polity. I am of the opinion that the leadership of this diocese over the past few decades has moved away from mainstream, traditional Episcopal doctrine and discipline. I have seen the local diocesan leadership and decision-making bodies vote to sever the legal relationship with the Episcopal Church, “differentiating itself” from the church.
For the past 25 years, the actions of the Diocese of South Carolina have moved it away from the Episcopal Church, slowly at first, with subtle changes, and then with rapid momentum. In 2004, the voting leadership of the diocese, known as the Diocesan Convention, became a part of a conservative, evangelical splinter group then known as the Anglican Communion Network. Symbols of the Episcopal Church, such as the Episcopal shield and signage, began disappearing from the diocesan website and from parish buildings. Seminarians were discouraged from attending traditional Episcopal seminaries such as Sewanee, Virginia Theological Seminary or the General Theological Seminary, and sent primarily to Trinity School for Ministry and Nashotah House Theological Seminary.
Perhaps the most drastic of all changes occurred in October 2010 and February 2011, when the accession to the Canons (laws) of the Episcopal Church was abolished, and accession to the Constitution of the church was qualified. The diocese charter was amended, proclaiming this a “sovereign diocese.” Five known parishes changed their by-laws to abolish accession to the Constitution and Canons of the Episcopal Church. One parish broke away entirely.
We in this diocese are faced with the possibility that more parishes will leave to align themselves with other denominations. Of the 110 dioceses in the Episcopal Church, four have experienced the kind of break that we may be facing (San Joaquin, Calif.; Fort Worth, Texas; Quincy, Ill.; and Pittsburgh). Parishes in those dioceses left the church, but the dioceses remained. New bishops were elected and new priests were hired.
The difficulty in diocesan divisions arises when challenges are filed by breakaway parishes or loyal Episcopalians over the ownership of parish property. Leaders of the national Episcopal Church are obligated to safeguard property that has been held in trust for the diocese and the Episcopal Church. Ideally, there should be a way to amicably separate if parishes want to leave.
I feel strongly that the Episcopal Church is alive and well and is based upon a strong commitment to the Christian faith. It will weather this storm as it has weathered all others.
Melinda Adelle Lucka is a local attorney in the Charleston area, a member of the Ecclesiastical Law Society and president of the Episcopal Forum of South Carolina.
This is heartening news for those of us who believe that TEC is a vibrant and viable member of the world-wide Anglican Communion. Despite sustained efforts to the contrary – notably fostered by the Diocese of South Carolina and its recalcitrant Bishop Mark Lawrence and his cohorts – the recent General Convention of TEC was able to pass legislation which allows dioceses of TEC – if they so desire – to avail themselves of the recently-approved rite for Same-Sex Blessings in their churches.
It would be most unlikely for Bishop Lawrence to allow such a measure in his diocese of South Carolina which, as reporter Melinda Lucka here states, has been gradually but steadily working towards dis-association from the national body of TEC. Claiming the ‘sola-scriptura’ view on gender and sexuality, Lawrence has been conspicuous in his movement away from the more liberal ethos of The Episcopal Church, which has left this reporter who lives in the Diocese of South Carolina, together with others in the diocese who do not agree with the conservatism of their Bishop, wondering how long he intends to remain in the Episcopal Church.
If South Carolina were to leave TEC for ACNA, this would not be too surprising, seeing the dismissive attitude of its bishop towards the reforming ethos of The Episcopal Church. No doubt, there will be people in the diocese who will wish to remain with TEC, and the matter of property ownership will become a matter for the courts to determine. However, the diocese needs to remember that TEC has won most of its battles against schismatic churches up to date.
Father Ron Smith, Christchurch, New Zealand